Практическая работа по английскому языку

Практическая работа по
английскому языку на тему: «Покупки»

Развитие речевых компетенций, чтения с извлечением
частичной и полной информации

ормирование коммуникативной компетенции, расширение
кругозора.

Продолжительность занятия : 6 часов

1. Учебники; 2. Раздаточный

Read and
translate the text.

Shops are very
important in our life because people cannot live without clothes and food.
There are different kinds of shops.

In supermarkets people
can buy all kinds of food, clothes, paper products, soaps and cleaners of all
kinds, simple medicines. In supermarkets customer serves himself and pays the
cashier on leaving the store.

carry clothing for men, women and
children, pots and pans, china and glassware, silverware, some furniture.
Department stores do not sell fresh food.

are owned and
operated by local businessmen. You can buy dress, shoe, jewelry, drugs, books,
grocery there.

or pharmacies sell many
things besides medical drugs. You can buy camera equipment, cosmetics,
magazines, candies and greeting cards there.

Fresh food,
pharmacies, independent stores, customer, people can buy, without, carry, kinds
of shops, jewelry, candies.

3. Answer the
questions to the text.

1. Are shops important
in our life?

2. What can people buy
in supermarkets?

3. Is there
self-service in supermarkets?

4. Where does the
customer pay?

5. What do department
stores carry?

6. Who are small
independent stores owned and operated by?

7. What can we buy in
such shops?

8. What do pharmacies
sell?

4. Translate the
sentences into English.

1. В нашем городе много различных
магазинов: супермаркеты, один универмаг, аптеки, овощные магазины. 2. В
супермаркете мы можем купить еду, чистящие и моющие средства, игрушки, книги.

3. В универмаге продают мебель,
одежду, посуду. 4. В супермаркете покупатель обслуживает себя сам и платит при
выходе из магазина. 5. В нашем городе есть два рынка. 6. Каждую субботу люди
ходят на рынок, чтобы купить одежду, еду, обувь, мебель.7. Я очень люблю делать
покупки. 8. В булочной мы всегда можем купить свежий хлеб. 9. Я покупаю мясо в
мясном магазине. 10. Я хожу за покупками в супермаркет. 11. В витрине
универмага мы можем увидеть товары, которые там продают.

5. Learn the
words and word combinations.

Sour cream –

Can I help you? –

A kilo – за килограмм

Here you are. – Пожалуйста (когда
подают).

6. Read and
translate the dialogues.

What is the price of a kilogram of
cheese?

: 170 roubles a kilo.

Weigh out 300 grams, please.

Here you are. Anything else?

Give me two packets of butter, please.

Here you are. Altogether 95 roubles.

Here is money. Thank you. Goodbye.

Is there any milk in packets?

Yes, a half-litre packet costs 15
roubles.

Give me one packet, please.

Here you are. What else?

Weigh out one kilo of curds, please.

: Here you are. What else?

Nothing, thank you. How much must I pay?

Altogether are 110 roubles.

Give me ten eggs, please.

Here you are. They cost 30 roubles. What
else?

Give me three yoghurts, please.

Here you are. Altogether are 60 roubles.

Here is your 40 roubles change. Thank
you.

7. Fill in the
missing remarks. Reproduce the dialogues.

Give me two jars of sour cream, please.

Give me one packet of milk, please.

Is there any butter?

Give me three packets, please.

Weigh out a half of kilo of curds,
please.

8. Translate the
sentences from Russian into English.

Сколько стоит килограмм творога?

90 roubles a kilo.

Here you are. Altogether are 70 roubles.

Да, литровый пакет молока стоит 25 рублей.

Give me two packets, please.

Пожалуйста. Что-нибудь еще?

Weigh out 300 grams of cheese, please.

9. Learn the
words and word combinations.

Instant coffee –

Ground coffee –

Tinned meat –

Tinned fish –

Tinned fruit –

A loaf of white bread

A loaf of brown bread

Chocolate sweets –

A pack of –

A can of –

A box of –

A bottle of –

A package of –

Практическая работа по английскому языку «Нобелевская премия мира» (работа с видеороликом)

Автор работы: Сысоева Ирина Анатольевна, преподаватель английского языка.
Описание: Данный материал представляет собой практическую работу с тремя заданиями, по которой можно построить урок в рамках темы «Нобелевская премия». Два задания направлены на понимание звучащей речи (видеоролик Ted Ed), в третьем задании учащиеся должны написать небольшое эссе. В видеоролике авторы дают краткую историю появления Нобелевской премии, а также рассказывают о Нобелевской премии мира: почему была создана, кто может номинировать на эту примию и по каким критериями, каким образом происходит процедура оценки номинантов, что получает победитель. Кроме того, вы можете узнать различные интересные факты о Нобелевской примии мира и о тех людях, которые ее получили. Практическая работа предназначена для студентов 1 курса СПО, учащихся 10-11 классов. Материал будет интересен учителям английского языка, студентам педагогических вузов и колледжей, а также всем, кто изучает историю Нобелевской премии.
Цель: знакомство с историей Нобелевской премии, совершенствованиие навыков аудирования, совершенствованиие навыков написания эссе-аргументации.
Формируемые УУД: извлечение необходимой информации из прослушанных текстов различных жанров; выдвижение гипотез и их обоснование.
Оборудование:ноутбук, колонки, проектор, экран, лист с заданиями для каждого обучающегося.

Формы работы: индивидуальная, фронтальная.

Exercise 1 (7 points)
Watch the video and put the information in order you hear it in the video.
A Secret process selection
B Piece Prize criteria
C Noble Piece Prize laureates
D Award ceremony
E Alfred Nobel’s invention
F Piece Prize nomination
G Alfred Nobel’s will

Exercise 2 (7 points)
Watch the video again and answer the questions.
1. Who was Alfred Nobel?
2. What was in his will?
3. What criteria were outlined for Peace Nobel Prize?
4. Who can nominate for Nobel Prize?
5. How long does the secret selection process take place?
6. When does the award ceremony take place?
7. What prize does a laureate get?
Change the copybooks with your partner and check the answers to exercises 1 and 2.

Критерии оценивания:
За каждый правильный ответ можно получить 1 балл. Баллы суммируются (максимум 24 балла) и переводятся в отметку по пятибалльной шкале.
Отметка «5» – 23-24
Отметка «4» – 17-22
Отметка «3» – 12-16
Отметка «2» – меньше 12

Ответы
Exercise 1.
1. E
2. G
3. B
4. F
5. A
6. D
7.C
Exercise 2.
1. Alfred Nobel was a Swedish chemist.
2. His fortune was to be used for five prizes in physics, chemistry, medicine, literature and peace.
3. The criteria for the Peace Prize were disarmament, peace congress and brotherhood between nations.
4. A valid nomination can come from a member of a national assembly, state government or an international court, also university rectors, professors and previous recipients of the Peace Prize.
5. The secret selection process takes almost a year.
6. The award ceremony takes place on December 10th, the anniversary of Alfred Nobel’s death.
7. The prize itself includes a gold medal, a diploma and a large cash prize.

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16. Тема: Научно-технический
прогресс.

1. Активизация лексики в речи учащихся
computer, hardware, software, processor, device, keyboard, calculating machine,
computerized economy, computer communication, e-mail, the Internet,»Microsoft»,
клавиатура, принтер, устройство, жёсткий диск, программное обеспечение,
процессор, память, существенный, немедленно.

As you know Bill Gates created the first software – the programs that help
personal computers process different information. As founder of Microsoft Inc.,
he is now one of the richest men in America. Read the text and find the
information about:

— Bill
Gates was active in his teenage years.

— He
and his friend developed disk operating system.

— Bill
Gates foresaw the significance of computers in the future.


Binary number system has only two digits.

— Bill
Gates’ predictions came true.

1. Bill Gates, The
Software King
Most of the computers in the world use software invented by Bill Gates, the
founder of Microsoft Inc. of Redmond, Wash. Software is the set of programs
that make computers – whether business or personal – perform various tasks.

Gates
was born in Seattle, Wash., in 1955. As a boy, he was bright and curious. He
was active in Scouting, reaching Life Scout rank in Troop 186. He especially
loved hiking, camping and other outdoor adventures.

But
Gates was obsessed with computers. While a student at Harvard University in
1975, Gates and a friend, Paul Allen, developed a computer language for an
early version of the personal computer. Microsoft was born. Gates went on to
develop operating systems, such as MS-DOS, and software programs.

Thanks
to Microsoft, Gates is now one of the richest men in America. He is worth more
than $8 billion.

A
technical wizard and a fierce business competitor, Gates sees great things
ahead for computers. He says they «are really going to change a lot of things
in the world – the way we work, the way we play and entertain ourselves and
even the way we are educated».

2. The Binary Number
System

Early digital computers inspired by Howard Aiken’s Mark were huge, sometimes
filling an entire room. That was because thousands of switches were needed to
compute his binary number system.

In the
binary number system, only two digits are recognized by the computer: 0 when a
switch is off, and 1 when the switch is on. Different combinations of those two
digits can represent thousands of letters and numbers.

The
binary number system is still used in today’s computers. The difference is that
the thousands of electrical switches have been replaced by one tiny,
solid-state chip that does the translations electronically. That’s why your
computer only fills up part of your desk, not your whole bedroom.

3. Computers in your Future
Microsoft’s Bill Gates and other computer experts saw great things ahead. They
said that in the next few years, you would be able to sit at your computer and
see high-quality video sent from any place on earth.

They
predicted you would also have a wallet-size personal computer. With it you
would be able to store photographs, pay bills, get the news, send messages, see
movies and open locks with digital keys.

At
home on your TV-size PC you would be able to see and talk with friends in other
states, get medical advice, check magazine articles and pictures in a far-off
library and order a pizza.

A
computerized control system at home would regulate your lighting, temperature
and security system.

Big
dreams? Are these dreams or facts? Perhaps. But engineers have done a lot to
make it reality.

To perform –
Life Scout rank –

To be obsessed –

Operating system – система функционирования

Worth – обладающий

To inspire –

Wallet-size – величиной с бумажник

Security system – система безопасности

3. Актуализация знаний: активизация знаний на основе текста.

A
computer consists of a screen, a keyboard and a boxlike case with the «brains»
of the system. For most tasks you’ll also need a printer and, perhaps, a
pointing device called a mouse. This equipment is called hardware.

By itself, hardware is like a cassette player without tapes. A computer needs
programms, or software, which usually includes one or more computer discs and a
printed instruction manual.

The
price depends on the hardware’s brain power—the type of processor and the size
of its memory. How much power do you need? That depends of the software you’ll
use. In general, words and numbers demand less from a computer than pictures
and sound.

Sufficient
power is important because a computer works in iteratively. With hardware that
isn’t up to the job, you might have to wait 30 seconds for an on-screen the
saurus to lookup a word. But with the right system then try would appear
instantly.

So you
only have a pocket (1)_____to do addition, multiplication and soon, you want to
know about real (2)_____? Right. Well, them achiness themselves are called the
(3)_____ and the programs that you feed into them are called the (4)_____. If
you want to see the results of what you are doing, you’ll need a (5)____or
you’ll have to plug into a television set. You’ll operate your machine like a
type writer by pressing keys on the (6)______. If you want to record on the
paper of what you are doing, you’ll need a (7)______. On the rear panel of the
computer there several (8)_______in to which you can plug a wide range
of(9)______- modems,fax machines and scanners. Them a in physical units of a
computer system are generally known as the(10) _____.

The key: 1 calculator, 2 computers, 3 hardware, 4 software, 5 monitor, 6
keyboard, 7 printer, 8 ports, 9 peripherals, 10 configuration.
5.

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Listen to the texts and
answer the question «What is the computer of the future like as scientists
predict?»

If you
are hooked* on the computer and can’t tear* yourself from it, don’t worry. be
able to wear it on your wrist,* in your glasses and even in your earings. The
first wearable computers are already on sale though they are probably a bit
bulgy* right now. Don’t be surprised if in a few years you’ll be putting on
your socks and your computer each morning before go into work. Of course, you
might not even have to leave the house. Scientists predict that in the future
most of us will work from home.

wearable -пригодный для носки, носимый на себе
behooked on — быть привязанным к чему-либо, не представлять себе жизни без
чего-либо

tear – оторваться, отвлечься

wrist – запястье

bulgy – громоздкий

6. Listen to the text and prove the quotation «Computers have entirely
entered our life».

Some scientists say that without the computer the 21st century
would be impossible. Computers today are running our factories, planning our
cities, teaching our children and forecasting our future. The computer solves
in seconds the problems a generation of mathematicians would need months or
years to solve without its help. The degree to which computers will take over
human functions may frighten some people and astonish* others. Computers, like
the telephone or electricity, have become a common thing of everyday life used
by almost everybody.They have entered our home life. They help to make up a
person’s shopping list, remind someone of important appointments and
anniversaries and answer the telephone. We often hear that the increasing flood
of information will be one of the problems of the 21st century.

The
invention of computers, calculating machines, capable of processing
information, cardinally changed our life. The computer performs very simple
actions, but its advantage is the speed it calculates at. In fact the computer
performs hundreds of thousands of operations per second.

Computers
are penetrating* all spheres of human activity, in many of them they have
become indispensible,* They calculate orbits, guide spaceships and planes,
calculate the targets* of economic development, play chess, help housewives to
choose a menu.

It’s hard to enumerate all the uses the computer may be put to.
astonish –

target -цель
7.Чтение с полным пониманием содержания и обсуждение прочитанного.
Read the text and do the tasks.
Not a «White Elephant»
Gwen and her husband Tim live in a small town in Colorado in the USA. When Gwen
was 77 years old and her husband was 84,their daughter gave the cast-off*
computer and some software*. Gwen and Tim were not much interested in it and
saw the gift as the proverbial* “white elephant”. Their first responses were
“Don’t need one”. “Won’t use it”.I’m too old to learn”.

In
spite of their protest, their daughter left the computer with them. She also
told them that the computer would make it possible for them to be in
communication with her when she was on duty in London with her job, as well as
with their grown children who live indifferent parts of the country. She
explained to them how to use the computer, but they didn’t show any interest in
it.

Sometime
later Gwen decided to try the computer. It was not easy. At first Gwen was
afraid she would“break”the machine. She called her son-in-law and asked him
some questions about using-mail. She learned the basics of computer
communication sand learned to solve problems which a rise in the process of
work with computer.

After
three months she could sende- mail to her children, a nephew,and any one she
could reach. She is now so confident*in her abilities*that she is exploring*new
ways of getting information with her computer.

Gwen
says:“E-mail allows me to be in touch*with people every day. It allows me to
communicate regularly with my son who has health problems. I don’t have to wait
a certain time of day to call. I can send and receive messages at any time”.

And
Gwen has a right to brag*.When she goes to church or community social events
and tells people about the computer, they are amazed*at the fact that she can
learn something like that.

She
has learned a little terminology and can talk to people who know something
about the computer. She conquered*the technology she didn’t think she would be
able to learn.

Now
Gwen is planning to install*a modem*,join the Internet and explore the net.

cast-off – ненужный,бросовый
software – программное обеспечение

proverbial – вошедший в поговорку,общеизвестный

whiteelephant – дорогая,бесполезная вещь

arise — подниматься

confident — уверенный

beintouch — контактировать

amazed – удивлённый, изумлены

conquer — покорять

install – установить

8.Is there any information in the text?
— concerning rules of sending e-mail?

— how Gwen learned to use the computer?

— showing that Gwen had a right to brag?

— that Gwen learned a little terminology?

— about the family of Gwen and Tim?

— about their age?

— about their town?

— about computer games?

их дочь оставила им компьютер,
взрослые дети, они не проявили никакого интереса, основы компьютерной коммуникации,
исследует новые способы получения информации через компьютер, регулярно
общаться с сыном, отправлять и получать послания в любое время, немного
терминологии, общественные события.

1. useless or unwanted

2. find the answer

3. feeling certain

4. examine in order to test

5. boast
6. surprised

7. science or art

12. Match the words on the left with their definitions on the right.

1)modem     a) a system that allows messages to be sent from one
computer to another
2)software  b) feeling certain

3)e-mail) a piece of electronic equipment that allows
information to be sent from one computer to another

4)confidentd) a piece of news

5)hard diske) the study or use of computers and other
electronic equipment

6)informationf) a part inside a computer that can store
technology,

7)messageg) the programmes that you put into computer to make them
do

the job they want

13.Join these split sentences.

1. Knowing how a) an electronic machine which is used to store to
use the computer and organize information

2. The term «virtual reality»b) when your computer crashes

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3. A computer is c) describes computer images which appear

4. Customers’ names and d) you should invite a specialist
addresses are stored

5. More and more schools e) your computer can become obsolete are
using multimedia

6. In only a few years f) as a teaching aid

7. It is very annoying g) is a useful skill

8. If you can’t fix f) on our data base your computer

14. Закрепление лексики.
Русско-английский перевод.

1. Удобно пользоваться электронной почтой, чтобы контактировать с друзьями.

2. Благодаря компьютеру я могу
получать и отправлять сообщения в любое время.

3. Компьютерная терминология
не очень трудная. Многие слова пришли из английского языка.

4. Он интересуется
компьютерами, знает, как ими пользоваться и владеет основами компьютерного
общения.

5. Когда работаешь с
компьютером, возникают проблемы, которые необходимо решить.

6. Мы купили компьютер только
два года назад, и он уже устарел.

7. Интересно, он пользуется
компьютером сейчас или пишет книги ручкой?

8. «Майкрософт» стала
крупнейшей фирмой в мире, разрабатывающей программное обеспечение для
компьютеров.

15.Дискуссия. Работа по индивидуальным заданиям.

Discussion.Work in groups.
Group 1. Advantages of computers
1. Computers give access to a lot of information.

2. Computers let you communicate very quickly by e-mail or using
the Internet

3. Computers can do some tasks very quickly, for example, send off
large number of letters or bills.

4. Computers make it possible to work at home.

5. Word processors make it easier to write letters and reports,
and to do work for school or college.

6. Children enjoy using computers, and multimedia, interactive
software and virtual reality make learning more exciting. Many books are now
available on CD-ROMs.

7. Large amounts of information can be stored in a database.

Group 2. Disadvantages of computers

1. Many people do not like using computers, and would prefer to deal with a
person instead.

2. Computers can get viruses and damage software.

3. Software often have bugs, and sometimes computers fail and
people lose all the work they had done.

4. Some children spend too much time playing computer games which
can be very violent.

5. Anyone can put information on the Internet, so it can easily be
used by criminals. There are no laws to stop this yet, and it is extremely
difficult to control the Internet.

6. Computers quickly become obsolete, so they soon need to be
replaced or updated.

7. If a computer is not working properly, most people do not know
how to fix it, and this be very annoying.

Group 3. Internet Safety Basics

DON’T CHAT WITH STRANGERS! Your parents are RIGHT when they say «DON’TTALKTO
STRANGERS». You really don’t know who the person is that you are chatting with.
It can be very easy to mislead you.
ASK YOUR PARENTS AND SURE. Only surf where your parents have given your
permission. If a website looks suspicious or has a warning page about you being
underage , leave immediately. Some sites are not for kids. Do not go exploring.
If you come across a site that you aren’t sure about, ask your parents. Don’t
download any applications from the Internet that are from questionable sites.
Some sites have viruses which come free with the downloads

PASSWORDS.
Passwords are secret so don’t give out your passwords to anyone. Do not fill
any online forms without asking your parents. Never put your e-mail password on
any website while registering.

SET
YOUR TIME. Don’t spend all your time online. Set a time limit on your computer
use. Keep your parents informed about sites you visit.

World Wide Web —»

to retrieve — извлекать

variety — разнообразие, спектр

humanities — гуманитарные науки

business transactions — коммерческие операции

access — доступ

to browse— рассматривать, разглядывать

browser — браузер (программа поиска ин­формации)

to provide — обеспечивать (чем-либо)

provider — провайдер (компания, предоставляю­щая доступ к WWW
через местные телефонные сети)

broadcast live — передавать в прямом эфире site — страница, сайт

to link — соединять

hyperlink — гиперссылка

to compete — соревноваться

All
sorts of things are available on the WWW. One can use Internet for recreational
purposes. Many TV and radio stations broadcast live on the WWW. Essentially, if
something can be put into digital format and stored in a computer, then it’s
available on the WWW. You can even visit museums, gardens, cities throughout
the world, learn foreign languages and meet new friends. And, of course, you
can play computer games through WWW, competing with partners from other
countries and continents.

Just a
little bit of exploring the World Wide Web will show you what a lot of use and
fun it is.

1) What is Internet used for?

2) Why so many activities such as e-mail and business transactions
are possible through the Internet?

3) What is World Wide Web?

4) What is Web browser?

6) What are hyperlinks?

7) What resources are available on the WWW?

8) What are the basic recreational applications of WWW?

2)
There is information on all sorts of topics on the Internet, including
education and weather forecasts.

3)
People can communicate through e-mail and chat programs only.

4)
Internet is tens of thousands of networks which exchange the information in the
same basic way.

5) You
can access information available on the World Wide Web through the Web browser.

7) You
move from site to site by clicking on a portion of text only.

9)
Films and pictures are not available on the Internet.

10)
Radio and TV-broadcasting is a future of Internet. They’re
not available yet.

2) World Wide Web

3) Web browser

4) Internet provider

6. Find the equivalents:
1) Объем ресурсов и услуг, которые являются частью WWW, растет чрезвычайно
быстро.

2) Каждая ссылка, выбранная
вами представляет документ, графическое изображение, видеоклип или аудио файл
где-то в Интернет.

3) Интернет может быть также
использован для целей развлечения.

4) Вы получаете доступ к ресурсам
Интернет через интерфейс или инструмент, который называется веб-браузер.

5) Вся эта деятельность
возможна благодаря десяткам тысяч компьютерных сетей, подключенных к Интернет и
обменивающихся информацией в одном режиме.

6) Пользователи общаются через
электронную почту, дискуссионные группы, чэт-каналы (многоканальный разговор в
реальном времени) и другие средства информационного обмена.

8. Words to match with:
1) web browser

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